Adult apprenticeships are available from at least 18 years of age, regardless of the vocational training program, provided that applicants have left the initial vocational training for at least 12 months. An age limit is set by law. Guardians must be admitted by mutual agreement between the Chamber of Professional Work (or the Minister for occupations that do not correspond to a professional order) and the Chamber of Workers and meet the same “serious” criteria. It does not need to be written, although it is a good idea for employers to get the contract in writing, so that everyone has a reference point in case of litigation. The words “apprenticeship” do not even need to appear in the contract. You might think that apprentices are just fixed-term workers, but that is not the case. Section 20 of the Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment 2002 states that “these regulations have no effect on employment under a fixed-term contract if the contract is an apprenticeship contract.” This means that apprenticeship contracts are not legally considered temporary and can have serious consequences for an employer if it decides to lay off an apprentice. Apprenticeship leads to three different levels of qualification (degrees): the apprenticeship contract must contain the following indications: Learning in Luxembourg has a long history (1940s). Its current form was regulated in 2008 and amended in 2019. The duration of adult education is generally the same as for initial training. Nevertheless, it is possible for an adult apprentice to have direct access to continuing education (thanks to the validation of previous work or apprenticeship experiences). When an apprentice is employed on an apprenticeship contract, he has the rights of ordinary workers and, in the event of dismissal, standard redundancy rules are at stake. A laid-off apprentice may receive a higher salary than other workers in the same situation.
Indeed, such a distinction reflects not only the shortfall in the apprenticeship contract, but also possible future income that they cannot make now. In practice, each learning program has its own program, which is defined and regularly updated by the program committee. The curriculum is very different from teaching and internship places. In 2019, the Luxembourg ivet system offers three vocational courses, divided into 92 alternating training courses: as an incentive for the State, apprentices who pass the school year receive a training bonus of 130 euros per month for apprenticeships leading to a CCP qualification and 150 euros per month for apprenticeship places leading to DAP or DAPT qualifications. – technical programme (general education diploma of higher secondary education, DFESG) (EQR level 4): 6,357 learners – 47.9% of pupils in higher secondary education (where apprenticeship is not offered as an option); The apprenticeship contract gives the apprentice a special status within the meaning of the labour code.